Example 01: Calculation of free energy#

In this example, a simple calculation of the Helmholtz free energy \(F(NVT)\) is illustrated. We use a Fe BCC structure at 100K.

The EAM potential that will be used: Meyer, R, and P Entel. “Martensite-austenite transition and phonon dispersion curves of Fe1−xNix studied by molecular-dynamics simulations.” Phys. Rev. B 57, 5140.

The reference data is from: Freitas, Rodrigo, Mark Asta, and Maurice de Koning. “Nonequilibrium Free-Energy Calculation of Solids Using LAMMPS.” Computational Materials Science 112 (February 2016): 333–41.

Solid free energy#

The input file for calculation of solid BCC Fe at 100 K is provided in the folder. A detailed description of the input file is available here. The calculation can be started from the terminal using:

calphy -i input.yaml

This should give a message:

Total number of 1 calculations found

calphy is running in the background executing the calculation. A new folder called fe-BCC-100-0, and files called fe-BCC-100-0.sub.err and fe-BCC-100-0.sub.out will also be created.

After the calculation is over, the results are available in the report.yaml file. The file is shown below:

  spring_constant: '3.32'
  vol/atom: 11.994539429692749
  concentration: '1'
  element: Fe
  lattice: bcc
  pressure: 0.0
  temperature: 100
  error: 0.0
  free_energy: -4.263568357143783
  pv: 0.0
  reference_system: 0.015029873513789175
  work: -4.278598230657573

The calculated free energy is \(-4.2636\) eV/atom, the value reported in the publication is \(-4.2631147(1)\) eV/atom. The calculated value can be further improved by increasing the system size, and by increasing the switching time.